I’m off to a late start today and it isn’t because I slept late either. As a matter of fact – I’ve been sleeping very poorly lately – and I don’t know exactly why. I’m tired enough. I get to bed usually about 2300 hours and sleep until about 0500-0530 and not too soundly either. It must be an excitatory reflex that keeps me keyed up – and the more I think about it, the more I’m inclined to believe that you are the reflex, darling.
Well – it sure has been hot here and everyone’s lazy. But I’ve had to hop around on this physical survey I’m doing. It wouldn’t be so bad – but we have perhaps 20 men in one city, 40 in another etc – all over the map. And they’re too busy to come to me, so I have to go to them. I’ve wanted to take a good look around this city but haven’t had time as yet. There are some beautiful buildings here – most of them connected with the University.
Oh, before I forget it, dear. You mentioned that package with a variety of items in it – glasses, ash trays etc. You didn’t mention a little copper box – which is what I was especially interested in, dear. If you’ll look closely – you’ll note that it is 200 years old. It’s really a very pretty thing.
|Copper Box and Inscription: GHW 1745|
I have your letter here in which you tell me Mother A had heard from me in Paris and that Sunny Rodman’s mother heard that I looked fine. Well – I’m glad he’s a diplomat, dear – because I must have looked pretty rough at the time. For one thing – all we had for clothes was combat stuff, and secondly, we had had a long hard ride by truck and train. Anyway – as long as my mother got the right impression, I’m satisfied. Yes, Paris is a place in which to get rooked. As I’ve probably written you already, dear – the attitude was much different this time than when I was there in August. You could have the city for a dime or nothing. Now they’re out for blood. Buying gifts is a problem involving lend-lease proportions. I managed to get some perfume for Mother A, B. and Ruth and a kerchief for you and Eleanor – all of which I hope has arrived by now. But if I hadn’t had some extra money with me – I couldn’t have paid for a thing except entertainment. If you buy a sandwich (I didn’t) – it costs 600 francs – $12.00! Just imagine that, dear – and everything else is proportionately priced. We had come from Germany where we had hundreds of bottles of wine – for nothing – and we had to pay 700 fr for 1 bottle. Yes, dear – ‘rooking’ is the word. Brussels was a bit better – but not much.
Well – it’s getting to be late morning sweetheart and I’ve got to go. Might travel down by Weimar today and do a few more physicals. But wherever I go, darling, I’ll be thinking hard about you, loving you and dreaming of the not too distant future when I’ll be with you. That’s all I think about now – and it’s so pleasant, too!
Love to the folks, dear – so long and
|Lost in Shangri-La and Mitchell Zuckoff|
Here is their review...
The story is set against the unforgiving backdrop of New Guinea's high mountains, dense rain forests and thick clouds. At the time of World War II, much of the island was uncharted — hundreds of planes crashed there, and few were ever found. "New Guinea was sort of a graveyard for planes," Zuckoff explains.Click to go to NPR's report as told on All Things Considered.
His book is the story of one of the few crashes in New Guinea where survivors lived to tell the tale. The flight began as a sightseeing tour on 13 May 1945, when 24 men and women stationed in New Guinea boarded the Gremlin Special to fly over a hidden valley that had been nicknamed "Shangri-La."
"It's an enormous valley," says Zuckoff. "Forty miles long, 8 miles wide, and inhabited by anywhere near 100,000 to 120,000 tribesmen who were living basically a Stone Age existence."
The plane flew in low between the mountains so that the passengers could see the valley and the native villages and fields. The exact cause of the crash is unknown, but low-lying clouds obstructed the pilot's view and the plane slammed into the side of a mountain. One of the few survivors, John McCollom, was an Army lieutenant.
"The tail of the airplane had been broken off," he recalls, and "the fuselage had been flattened out to the point I could not stand up."
Seeing that the fuselage was on fire, McCollom wasted no time in jumping out of the plane and into the remote valley. "Standing around, I looked at my watch and said, 'This is a heck of place to be, 165 miles from civilization, all by myself on a Sunday afternoon.' "
But McCollom was not alone — four more passengers had also survived, though two of them later died. As a lieutenant, McCollom was the highest-ranking officer to survive; he was also the only passenger not to be injured. Zuckoff says that McCollum quickly took charge and made all the right decisions — even though his twin brother was among the dead.
"He knew his brother's body was burned inside the Gremlin Special right near him and he knew that he had to put that aside and make decisions," says Zuckoff.
McCollom led the two other injured survivors, Cpl. Margaret Hastings of the Women's Army Corp and Sgt. Kenneth Decker, on an arduous trek in search of a clearing, where they would have a better chance of being seen. After a journey through a dense jungle and down a steep, treacherous gulley, they finally reached an open area where they were spotted by rescue planes.
It was then that they first encountered the residents of the valley. Rumor had it that the local tribes were cannibals and headhunters, so McCollom was initially cautious as he approached their leader.
"There was a log running across this little gulley and he walked out on the log and I walked out on the log and we got closer together," McCollom recalls. McCollom instructed the group to smile, and luckily, the tribe leader smiled back. "He finally got real close and I reached out and grabbed his hand ... and he grabbed my hand ... and from then on we were all friends."
While the survivors were making friends with the men and women of the valley, rescue plans were getting under way. Filipino-American paratroopers under the command of Capt. C. Earl Walter Jr. volunteered to parachute into the valley and bring the survivors out — but there was a catch: Once the rescue team was dropped into the valley, there was no way to get them out.
But the paratroopers were determined to help. "They said bahala na was their gung ho motto, which means, 'Come what may,' " says Zuckoff.
By then, the story of the crash and the survivors had caught the attention of the media — journalists were particularly intrigued by the attractive young corporal, Hastings. Reporters joined the flights that showered provisions on the contingent of survivors and rescuers on the ground. And finally one day, documentary filmmaker Alexander McCann parachuted in, emboldened by a few drinks.
"He screws up his courage with a little bit of liquid courage, [and] just dives out the plane. He's swinging like a metronome because he is dead drunk on the way down," says Zuckoff. "He literally lands flat on his back in the valley and he starts filming almost the minute he is sober enough to open his eyes."
There, on the ground with the survivors, McCann was able to document the final rescue. After much consideration, it was decided that the only aircraft that could get in and out of the valley were gliders. At first, it seemed an unlikely choice, says Zuckoff. "Who among us said, 'OK, we have no way out, let's drop gliders into this valley a mile up off the ground?' "
Not ideal, but it was the best solution they had. Multiple gliders were sent down into the valley, and the survivors and paratroopers were strapped into them. The rescue mission then sent tow planes overhead, with hooks on their bellies, to snatch the gliders up into the air and bring the wounded survivors to safety.
Decker, Hastings and McCollom shortly after rescue
It was a remarkable end to a remarkable story. Many years later, Hastings would tell an audience that when you have no choice, you have no fear — you just do what has to be done. That is, in many ways, the very definition of survival.